World famous tourist | Travelling

Once upon a time people thought that the whole world was what they knew about their surroundings. At that time, only tourists and explorers would come out of the desire to know the world, cross to the unknown. Merchants traded, and tourists went out on trips. The people of these two communities used to bring the news of art, culture, wealth and manners from far away. Today’s discussion about the best tourists among them.

Discovering America

Christopher Columbus

Once upon a time merchants used to trade. In ancient times, various goods went from China to Europe. Mongols, Ottoman Turks and Arabs were the merchants of these products. And the explorers used to travel. Many explorers used to write down the details of their journeys in diary pages. Christopher Columbus was one of them. He is a brave sailor from Genoa, Italy. Christopher Columbus discovered America about 500 years ago. Born around 1451, this sailor joined a merchant firm at the age of 22.

Christopher Columbus

His idea was to sail continuously across the Atlantic Ocean to reach the west coast of India or somewhere near Japan. Christopher Columbus set sail on August 3, 1492 with the flagship Santa Maria and two other ships Nina and Pinta. Columbus set foot on the American continent on the 12th of October. Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a sea route to India. He and his companions still knew that they had reached an island in India. Columbus also named it ‘San Salvador’. After that, he sailed from Spain to the American continent four times. He also reached the mainland of the continent. But he did not know that he had reached a new continent. Another sailor named Amerigo Vespucci found out that word. It is according to his name. The name of America, but many believe that Muslims discovered the American continent 300 years ago.

Traveled 75 thousand miles

Ibn Battuta

About 700 years ago, a Muslim young man left home from Tangier in faraway Morocco to see the world. He is Ibn Battuta. He started his life as a tourist at the age of 21. After that he traveled the world for about 30 years. He visited Iraq, Iran, Syria, Palestine, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Maldives and also came to Bengal. He traveled 75 thousand miles or 1 lakh 21 thousand kilometers in his 30 years of life. Many consider Marco Polo his peer. But Ibn Battuta traveled more territory than Marco Polo. His full name is Abu Abdullah Muhammad. Ibn Battuta was born on February 25, 1304 in Tangier, Morocco. Who was a Sunni Muslim traveler, thinker, judge. He was the only traveler who traveled the entire Muslim world of his time and met the Sultans. He spent most of his life working as a laborer while traveling the world. He also married a minister’s daughter. Sometimes the ambassador even got the responsibility of commanding the army. Ibn Battuta accompanied the caravan on most of the journeys. He himself was a wise man. His ancestors were Qazis by profession. As a result, he has been anointed as a state guest in every country he has visited. After traveling to around 40 countries and returning to his country, the then Sultan Abu Inan Faris hired a poet to record his travelogue.

He knows the North Pole and the South Pole

Sir Edmund Percival Hillary

The sky is high above the head. Or the world falls down. Edmund Hillary is the first person to conquer the world’s highest peak Mount Everest. Not only that, he knows everything about the North Pole, South Pole. His full name is Sir Edmund Percival Hillary. He was a mountaineer and explorer from New Zealand. May 29, 1953 at 11 o’clock.  In 30 minutes, New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay became the first people to reach the summit of Everest. Conquered Mount Everest. At that time, they had difficulty carrying their own oxygen cylinders. Born on July 20, 1919, this mountaineer died on May 29, 1953. He was a British explorer. As part of the team, Nepalese mountaineer Sherpa Tenzing Norge climbed Mount Everest. He reached the South Pole in 1958 as part of the Commonwealth Trans-Atlantic Expedition. Later, he made the North Pole expedition, becoming the first person to reach both the poles and the highest peak.

He was underwater for more than 6,000 hours

Sylvia Ale

Sylvia Earle; Famous American oceanographer. Under his leadership ‘Mission Blue’ in the deep waters of the ocean, the world got to know the stories of thousands of mysteries of the sea. He is not only a first-class marine expert, but has set a record by staying under the sea for more than 6,000 hours. According to some, he stayed underwater for 7,000 hours. Born in 1935, Sylvia has been a marine biologist, writer and lecturer by career. Working with a National Geography Explorer since 1998. In addition, Sylvia was the former Chief Scientist of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). First woman scientist at US National Drug and Atmospheric Administration. In 1998, Time magazine introduced him as the first hero. He is the author of more than 180 publications on marine science and technology. In addition, he owns a company that manufactures and designs submarines used in ocean research. Sylvia has received hundreds of national and international awards at home and abroad.

Vinay Pitak collector


The time was the fifth century. At that time the reign of Chandragupta II was going on. Famous Chinese traveler Fa-Hien visited India. For this he walks a long way with his partner. The purpose of his journey was to collect the original works of Bau Dharmapustak ‘Vinaya Pitaka’. He traveled to Central Asia, India and Sri Lanka and recorded the details. Accordingly, first came to India. In 399 AD, 64-year-old Fa Hien set sail for India. After traveling through Central Asia and Northwest India, he reached North India. As far as is known, he came to India in search of the ‘Vinaya Pitaka’, a book containing the monastic principles of Buddhism. Then he visited one by one the holy places of Buddhist culture in the Ganges valley. After completing his journey, he returned to his homeland by sea from the port of Tamralipta through Sinhala, Malaya and Javadwip. In the last stage of his journey to India, he entered Bengal through the border state of Champa. Following Fa Hien’s account, it is possible to recover much of the archaeological heritage of India and Bengal.

657 books translated

Hiuen Sang

The second account of Chinese pilgrims to India is by Hiuen Tsang. The time was seven centuries. During his travels he was ruling Harshavardhana in North India, Shashanka in Bengal and Bhaskaravarman in Assam. From childhood, Hiuen Tsang was interested in scriptures, especially Chinese classics and texts written by ancient sages. Later he collected and translated 657 Sanskrit Buddhist texts. He received the best education on Buddhist scriptures in India at that time. This Chinese traveler is a warm and friendly person. He met King Turk Khan of Kyrgyzstan via Yanji and Kucha. But their war with the Turks is still going on. Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Samarkand and further west reach the Amu Darya and Tirmidhi. He came to Bengal in 638. According to his account, Raktamritika near Karnasubarna, Pundranagar and its adjoining areas, Samatat and Tamralipti are among the various regions of Bengal. His account greatly helped in the recovery of the archaeological heritage of Bengal.

Walking tour of Baghdad

Marco Polo

The brave and noble family of Venice was the Polo family. From generation to generation, they used to trade outside the country, some of them went out in groups to earn, some of them traveled. The famous traveler Marco Pola was born in such a family. He traveled from Europe to Asia on the Silk Road from 1271 to 1295 and later wrote a book about his travels, better known in English as ‘The Travels of Marco Polo’. He was the first European to introduce the Orient to the West. Before this, Europeans did not know much about the Far East or China. At that time he reached the city of Baghdad on foot. At that time, Baghdad was the best city in the world. When Marco Polo was 17 years old, Marco accompanied his father on his adventures. Marco Polo’s journey around the world started from here. He used to write down all the places he visited in a diary. Through this beginning he became the best tourist in the world.

Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin was the first man in space travel

Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin, the famous Russian who became the first man to orbit the Earth, earned the title of ‘first cosmonaut’. As a teenager, Gagarin became interested in space and planets. Became a foundry man during his schooling. In his spare time, Gagarin voraciously read books by Russian space explorer Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. After passing out of school, he joined the Soviet Army. Became a Soviet pilot. He orbited the Earth on April 12, 1961 in the Vostok spacecraft. Gagarin’s 108-minute orbital journey alone in space, 177 kilometers from Earth, was miserable. Its third-generation ‘Vostok-1’ rocket did not even have navigational controls. He faced the situation with extreme courage. Gagarin achieved international fame at the age of 27. He became a hero of the Soviet Union and received many awards at home and abroad.

First woman in space travel

Valentina Tereskova

Year 1963  The world saw a brave woman; The name is Valentina Tereskova. She is the first woman in human history to travel in space. Take Vostok-6 into space as a solo pilot. That woman is also a Soviet citizen. Tereskova studied at school through correspondence courses, passed engineering. Since his childhood, he had a special interest in parachute jumping. Bukovsky graduated from the Air Force Academy. Tereskova made her first parachute jump at the age of 22. Then 27-year-old Yuri Gagarin conquered space. In the meantime, the Russian space agency announced that a woman will be sent to space for the first time in the world. Many applications were also read. Tereskova was selected as an astronaut through merit and merit among more than 400 applicants. And got the opportunity to travel to space as the first woman and the first civilian. And the first successful woman astronaut in space.

First European discovery of India

Vasco da Gama

In 1502, Vasco da Gama and his large fleet reached India. The process of connecting Asia with Europe began with the voyage of this famous Portuguese navigator to India.

Vasco da Gama; Famous Portuguese explorer and traveler. He is said to be one of the architects of the connection of the western world. He came to India from Europe by sea in the fifteenth century. He was the first European in history to reach India by sea. His voyage connected Asia and Europe as well as bridging the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. This journey paved the way for the Portuguese to establish a long-term colony in the Asian continent. Vasco da Gama was born in Sines on the southwest coast of Portugal in 1460 or 1469. In 1497 he set sail for Lisbon. He spent time near the island of Mozambique from March 2 to March 29, 1498. Then between April 7 and April 13, Mombasa was identified as the port. On April 24, Da Gama left Malindi with his entourage for India. On May 20 of the same year, Vasco da Gama arrived at Cappadocia near Calicut, India with a fleet. Raja Samudiri (Jamrin) of Calicut greeted the ship’s sailors with a procession of at least 3,000 armed Nayars.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top