Nuclear fusion

★ Source of power generation

In the past, scientists have worked with fusion to find a carbon-free, infinite source of power generation. But no such initiative was sustainable. But scientists say nuclear fusion technology could be a permanent solution. Today’s discussion on nuclear fusion.

Some scientists in the United Kingdom have given good news. By creating nuclear fusion, it has been able to sustain it for more than twice as long as the previous record. The sun and other stars keep burning by producing energy in the same process.


Experts say that if nuclear fusion could actually take place in a controlled environment on Earth, it would be possible to produce seemingly unlimited amounts of energy in an environmentally friendly way. This process will not increase the risk of carbon emissions or radioactive emissions.

★ What is nuclear fusion?

When a chemical reaction breaks the nucleus of an atom to form more than one light nucleus of a different element, a huge amount of energy is radiated, which is called atomic energy. It can happen through two types of reactions. One is nuclear fusion, the other is nuclear fusion.

★ Source of heat energy

In a nuclear fusion reaction, two or more atoms combine to form a larger atom. This reaction produces a huge amount of heat energy. At present the peaceful use of nuclear energy is fusion process, not fusion. Instead of combining atoms through fission, energy is produced by breaking down uranium atoms. However, this process produces radioactive waste, which can remain in the environment for thousands of years. In the event of an accident, the impact could be far-reaching, as was the case in 2011 in Fukushima, Japan.

The fusion process is relatively much safer. It generates very little waste and is very readily available as a fuel, found in nature. All in all, nuclear fusion could play a very effective role in moving away from fossil fuels to start using sustainable fuels to combat climate change.

★ Permanent solutions to the future

So far, scientists say, the results are quite positive. However, there is still a long way to go to make nuclear fusion suitable for regular use as a source of energy. The official name of the Oxford Tokamak instrument is the Joint European Terrace (Jet). Not much can be expected from the results of the jet test. There is 12 megawatts of electricity being generated, but only for 5 seconds. The most important thing now is to find a way to keep the fusion going for a longer period of time.

According to the latest report of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), global warming needs to halve greenhouse gas emissions by this decade and be reduced to zero by 2050 in order to control global warming. That is, the use of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas, must be removed quickly. According to the IPCC, failure to find sustainable energy sources such as nuclear fusion will not achieve the goal of controlling global warming.

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