Andrew Carnegie | American industrialist and philanthropist

 Biography, Company, Steel, Philanthropy

A park for the rich to relax. The doorman did not let him in saying that not for slum dwellers. He went to the office to look for work. The office clerk kicked him out because he was not well dressed. Could not meet the big boss. He earned his first salary by weaving. His luck changed due to hard work. One day he built a mountain of money. Then went back to that park. He bought the whole park. The notice was hung on the gate of the park. It says, from today anyone can enter the park in any dress.’ Today’s discussion is about the biography of Andrew Carnegie who became the richest man in the world.

Biography of Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie was one of America’s richest men at one time. He was born on 25 November 1835 in a poor family in a small rural village in Scotland. The first 13 years of his life were spent in Scotland with his family. Later, his father migrated to America with his family in search of livelihood. In America, their address is a slum. There is no work that people cannot do if they want to. Andrew Carnegie’s dream of becoming a millionaire is nothing more than a dream. But Carnegie was not lacking in demand. That desire is nothing more, to earn a lot of money. This desire to be rich is from his childhood.

Andrew Carnegie

Many people may know the much-discussed incident. But it can be said one more time. Because this event has been an inspiration for ages. Carnegie was only 13 years old. The clothing was not very good. It was dirty and torn in different places. In this situation, one day he was going to enter a public park to play. The park is open to the relaxation of the rich, not to the filthy slum dwellers. So the janitor of the park stopped him at the gate of the park. Carnegie did not allow him to enter the park despite many pleas. Then the boy Carnegie told the doorman, he will enter the park only after buying this park. Since then he is stubborn. I want a lot of money to buy the park. So he joined a yarn mill as a weaver’s laborer for a meager salary. This is the first income of his life. After about a year, suddenly one day while passing by the road, he saw a letter on the door of a telegraph office – Chokra Peon Chai. What will be the fate of the slum boy? It drives him away from wherever he goes. No one wants to do any work. But Carnegie rightly understood that even if nothing big came up, something small had to be started. Carnegie went inside the office hoping to get a good job. But the clerk of that office threw him out because his clothes were not good. Carnegie stood outside the door. He hopes that maybe the boss will call him. The elder did not know any of this. Carnegie went back to the office the next day hoping for a job. Because of that clerk, Carnegie could not meet the boss of the office. But he wants the job. With this hope, he went to that office again on the third day. This time, the clerk did not drive him away and told the incident to the elder.


The big man heard everything and said, send it and see what the boy wants. That same day, Carnegie joined the Telegraph Office. That peon boy of that day also became the big sir of tele department one day. But how? While working as a peon, Carnegie gained knowledge about telegraph rules with his talent. Then he left his job as a peon and joined a local railway station as a telegraph operator. In this way, Carnegie gradually gained the position of big sir of tele department.


The beginning of success


Starting out with a meager salary in weaving, Carnegie wanted to change his fortunes by taking a job as a peon. After working there for a few years, his experience pushed him further. He did the job of sending the telegraph very well. His skill in operating the telegraph machine attracted everyone’s attention. He continued to improve rapidly in the tele division. The boss under whom he worked one day reached his level by his own merit.


After becoming the head of the tele division, he started the railway and mining oil business besides his job. Railways were the most popular means of communication then. A lot of money came into his hands in the railway business. He did not waste this money. He further increased his income by investing the profit in the oil business. Within a very short time this business started making a lot of money. Profits meant Carnegie continued to invest in new businesses.


He continued to succeed in all businesses one after the other. In this way, Carnegie bought seven big iron factories one by one and started running them under his own supervision. Carnegie had not yet reached the quota of 35, at which time Carnegie became known as the world’s most famous iron merchant.


Bought the park


One of the top billionaires of all time is Andrew Carnegie. Andrew Carnegie was a slum boy. Lived in a small hut. As a teenager he wanted to enter the local public park. The porter did not let him in because of his dirty clothes. On that day, he promised that he would buy this park if he had money. Then he started business at a mature age. He achieved incredible success in iron industry. Money started pouring in from the steel business. 30 years later Andrew Carnegie kept his promise. He bought that park. A new signboard was installed there. It was written on the signboard – ‘From today, day or night, morning or afternoon, any age, any person, any dress can enter this park.’


Earned crores in steel business


This industrialist built a mountain of money. He earned billions in steel business. His business ended in the early 19th century. In 1902, he sold his steel company to J.P. Morgan for $400 million, with a current market value of over $310 billion.


The world’s greatest rich man, whatever he has earned in his life, he has donated to the service of mankind.



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